Black screen login in Ubuntu is very common issue, your desktop doesn’t display GUI, just hearing the login sound
So you can follow these step to resolve the issue.
When entering Ubuntu Login Screen, you can press Ctrl + Alt + F1 to switch to Terminal screen, then type your name and password to login.
After logged in, create file by type: sudo nano /usr/share/X11/xorg.conf.d/20-intel.conf It will open the nano editor, then add the below content and save it by Ctrl+O:
Section “Device” Identifier “Card0” Driver “Intel” Option “AccelMethod” “uxa” EndSection
After saved compltely, type sudo reboot. Done